What is Qqmt virus?
Qqmt virus is a ransomware designed to block access to victims’ files until a ransom is paid. Once it infects a system, the virus quietly encrypts every data file. The infection also modifies filenames by appending them with the extension .qqmt, and generates ransom messages named “_readme.txt”. For instance, it renames a file named “document.docx” to “document.docx.qqmt”, a file named “image.jpg” file to “image.jpg.qqmt”, and so on. Qqmt is distributed through unofficial software activation (‘cracking’) tools, spam campaigns, Trojans, unofficial software updaters and untrustworthy software download sites.
- What is Qqmt virus?
- Remove Qqmt virus (ransomware)
- Decrypt .qqmt files
- Restore .qqmt files
- Video Guide
Qqmt ransomware is a malware that encrypts files on the victim’s computer and demands a ransom payment to restore access to the contents of these files. Qqmt targets users running Microsoft Windows. In most cases, this malware requires user actions in order to be installed on the computer. Typically, criminals use various tricks, for example, disguising the malicious software as a freeware, cracks, activators and key generators, so that victims download and run Qqmt virus on their computer.
Upon execution, Qqmt creates a folder in the Windows system directory where it places a copy of itself and changes some Windows settings so that it starts up every time the computer is restarted or turned on. The virus collects information about the victim’s computer and then tries to establish a connection with its command server (C&C). If the connection has been established, then it sends information about the infected computer to the server, and in response receives the encryption key (the so-called ‘online key’) and additional commands and malware that must be executed on the victim’s computer. If the virus could not establish a connection with its command server, then it uses a fixed key (the so-called ‘offline key’).
Qqmt ransomware virus encrypts files using a strong encryption algorithm and a key (‘offline key’ or ‘online key’, as described above). The virus tries to encrypt as many files as possible, for this it only encrypts the first 154kb of the contents of each file and thus significantly speeds up the encryption process. Qqmt has the ability to encrypt files on all drives connected to the computer: internal hard drives, flash USB disks, network storage, and so on. It skips without encryption: files located in the Windows system directories, files with the extension .ini, .bat, .dll, .lnk, .sys and files with the name ‘_readme.txt’. The remaining files located on the victim’s computer can be encrypted. For example, the following file types may be the target of ransomware attack:
.3dm, .rar, .vfs0, .x3f, .itl, .r3d, .blob, .mrwref, .wire, .xxx, .rgss3a, .dbf, .kdb, .dba, .wmf, .ntl, .cfr, .wpb, .desc, .ods, .db0, .xmmap, .odt, .ybk, .pptx, .xml, .rw2, .ysp, .zip, .xy3, .svg, .rofl, .sis, .zif, .wotreplay, .wpe, .wsc, .ltx, .orf, .menu, .qic, .bkp, .1, .zw, .rim, .iwi, .hkdb, .py, .mdf, .srf, .dcr, .snx, .itm, .sid, .wb2, .css, .iwd, .sql, .p7b, .tax, .y, .lrf, .xwp, .tor, .sidn, .cdr, .7z, .wbz, .zdc, .wpa, .m3u, .x3d, .ztmp, .dmp, .docm, .csv, .xdb, .cer, .vpp_pc, .webdoc, .odp, .hkx, .wm, .x, .docx, .xyw, .wp, .apk, .wdp, .xls, .vcf, .z, .xf, .yal, .hvpl, .psd, .yml, .xlsx, .qdf, .p12, .sav, .wmd, .pkpass, .map, .mlx, .mdbackup, .ibank, .pst, .ai, .ppt, .raw, .wpd, .arw, .psk, .wcf, .t13, .wpl, .kdc, .re4, .dxg, .mp4, .dazip, .crt, .wsd, .wbk, .xlsb, .pak, .0, .pdf, .bkf, .odb, .pptm, .flv, .eps, .raf, .xlk, .asset, .nrw, .3fr, .avi, .mdb, .wri, .zip, .wp6, .wps, .accdb, .mcmeta, .esm, .layout, .wpw, .xll, .xlsx, .wpt, .jpg, .xyp, .odm, .slm, .pef, .icxs, .epk, .mpqge, .xlgc, .syncdb, .wbc, .big, .mef, .crw, .xpm, .dwg, .gdb, .pdd, .wmv, .wpd, .xmind, .wbmp, .wdb, .wot, .ff, .xbdoc, .fos, wallet, .sie, .odc, .wbd, .wsh, .itdb, .webp, .vdf, .m4a, .d3dbsp, .gho, .2bp, .sr2, .lvl, .wmo, .fpk, .xlsm, .cas, .der
Qqmt ransomware encrypts file-by-file. Each file that has been encrypted will be renamed, the .qqmt extension will be added at the end of its name. Thus, it marks all encrypted files. In every directory where there is at least one encrypted file, the virus places a file named ‘_readme.txt’. The file contains a message from Qqmt authors. An example of the contents of this file is given below.
This message says that all files on the computer are encrypted and the only way to decrypt them is to purchase a key and a decryptor from the authors of Qqmt virus. That is, criminals demand a ransom for unlocking the victim’s files. The size of the ransom is $980, but if the victim is ready to pay the ransom within 72 hours, then its size is halved to $490. Attackers offer victims to verify that encrypted files can be decrypted. To do this, the victim must send them a small file to one of the email addresses specified in the ‘_readme.txt’ file. Of course, it is obvious that a single decrypted file cannot guarantee that after paying the ransom, the criminals will provide the victim with a working key and decryptor.
The presented in the Qqmt ransom note:
Don’t worry, you can return all your files!
All your files like pictures, databases, documents and other important are encrypted with strongest encryption and unique key.
The only method of recovering files is to purchase decrypt tool and unique key for you.
This software will decrypt all your encrypted files.
What guarantees you have?
You can send one of your encrypted file from your PC and we decrypt it for free.
But we can decrypt only 1 file for free. File must not contain valuable information.
You can get and look video overview decrypt tool:
Price of private key and decrypt software is $980.
Discount 50% available if you contact us first 72 hours, that’s price for you is $490.
Please note that you’ll never restore your data without payment.
Check your e-mail “Spam” or “Junk” folder if you don’t get answer more than 6 hours.
To get this software you need write on our e-mail:
Reserve e-mail address to contact us:
Your personal ID:
Security researchers confirm the words of the Qqmt authors. All files with the extension ‘.qqmt’ are encrypted and thus cannot be read and used. The only way to decrypt them is to use the key and the decryptor. Fortunately, there is some good news. As we already reported above, Qqmt virus belongs to STOP ransomware family, which means that you can use the free Emsisoft decryptor to decrypt the encrypted files. Even if the decryptor does not help, there are some alternative ways that can help restore the contents of the encrypted files. To learn more about decrypting files, simply scroll down to section ‘How to decrypt .qqmt files’.
|Name||Qqmt ransomware, Qqmt File Virus|
|Type||Crypto malware, Crypto virus, File locker, Ransomware, Filecoder|
|Encrypted files extension||.qqmt|
|Ransom amount||$490 or $980 in Bitcoins|
|Detection Names||DropperX-gen [Drp], Ransom.Win32.STOP.dd!se39154, UDS:Trojan.Win32.Scarsi.gen, Trojan:Win32/Sabsik.FL.B!ml, Trojan.Win32.Save.a, Malicious.moderate.ml.score, Ransom.Win32.STOP.SMYXBFX.hp, Trojan-Ransom.StopCrypt, BehavesLike.Win32.Emotet.bc|
|Symptoms||Your files fail to open. You get an error message like ‘Windows can’t open this file’, ‘How do you want to open this file’. Files called such as ”, ‘READ-ME’, ‘_open me’, _DECRYPT YOUR FILES’ or ‘_Your files have been encrypted” in every folder with an encrypted file. New files on your desktop, with name variants of: ‘HOW_TO_DECRYPT.txt’, ‘DECRYPT.txt’ or ‘README.txt’.|
|Distribution methods||Phishing email scam that attempts to scare users into acting impulsively. Exploit kits (cybercriminals use ransomware virus packaged in an ‘exploit kit’ that can find a vulnerability in Web browser, PDF reader, MS Windows operating system, Adobe Flash Player). Social media posts (they can be used to mislead users to download malicious software with a built-in ransomware downloader or click a suspicious link). Cybercriminals use malicious ads to distribute malware with no user interaction required.|
|Removal||Qqmt ransomware removal guide|
|Decryption||Qqmt File Decrypt Tool|
How to remove Qqmt virus (ransomware)
Before you start decrypting or recovering .qqmt files, you need to remove the Qqmt autostart entries. This must be done since otherwise the ransomware may re-encrypt the restored files. You can stop the ransomware from working, as it is not difficult to do. Another option is to perform a full system scan using free malware removal tools capable of detecting and removing ransomware infection. Read the entire manual carefully. To make it easier for you to follow the instructions, we recommend that you print it or open it on your smartphone.
It is very important to scan the computer for malware, as security researchers found that spyware could be installed on the infected computer along with the Qqmt ransomware. Spyware is a very dangerous security threat as it is designed to steal the user’s personal information such as passwords, logins, contact details, etc. If you have any difficulty removing the Qqmt virus, then let us know in the comments, we will try to help you.
To remove Qqmt ransomware, follow the steps below:
Kill Qqmt virus
Press CTRL, ALT, DEL keys together.
Click Task Manager. Select the “Processes” tab, look for something suspicious that is the Qqmt ransomware then right-click it and select “End Task” or “End Process” option. If your Task Manager does not open or the Windows reports “Task manager has been disabled by your administrator”, then follow the guide: How to Fix Task manager has been disabled by your administrator.
It is not difficult to detect a process related to the Qqmt ransomware. When looking for a malicious process, pay attention to the process icon and its name. Most often, this ransomware has a process name in the following format: 4-characters.tmp.exe or 4-characters.exe. For example: 7533.tmp.exe, A4b1.exe, CD15.tmp.exe, 19b2.exe. The process name can also contain “(32 bit)”. If you do not find a process with a similar name in the list of processes, then most likely the Qqmt ransomware has finished working. But keep in mind, if you do not remove the ransomware autostart entries, as demonstrated below, and do not delete its file, then after a while it may start again, and if it finds unencrypted files, immediately encrypt them.
Disable Qqmt startup
Select the “Start-Up” tab, look for something similar to the one shown in the example below, right click to it and select Disable.
Close Task Manager.
Delete Qqmt task
Type “Task Scheduler” in the search bar. Click Task Scheduler app in the search results. Click “Task Scheduler Library” in the left panel. On the right panel, right-click to “Time Trigger Task” and select Delete.
Close Task Scheduler.
Remove Qqmt virus
Run Task Manager and select the “Start-Up” tab. Right click to the Qqmt ransomware Start-Up entry and select Open File Location as shown below.
A directory containing one file will open in front of you, this file is the Qqmt virus. It needs to be removed. If you try to delete it immediately, then you will not succeed, since this file is protected from deletion.
To delete this file, you need to do the following. Right-click on the file, select Properties. In the window that opens, select Security tab. Next, click the Advanced button below. A window will open as shown in the following example.
Click Disable inheritance. In the Block inheritance dialog box that opens, select the first item (Convert inherited permissions…) as shown below.
In the Permission entries list, select “Deny Everyone”, click Remove button and then OK. Close the file properties window. You should now be able to remove the Qqmt virus. Right-click on the file and select Delete.
Scan computer for malware
MalwareBytes Anti-Malware (MBAM) is an antimalware software that can help you remove Qqmt virus. MalwareBytes can be used to remove almost all the forms of malicious programs including ransomware, trojans, worms, adware, browser hijackers, potentially unwanted software and spyware. MalwareBytes has real-time protection that can defeat most malicious software and ransomware. Despite so many features, it does not reduce the performance of your computer. You can use MalwareBytes Anti-Malware with any other antivirus without any conflicts.
First, please go to the link below, then click the ‘Download’ button in order to download the latest version of MalwareBytes AntiMalware.
Category: Security tools
Update: April 15, 2020
When the downloading process is done, close all windows on your computer. Further, launch the file named MBSetup. If the “User Account Control” dialog box pops up like below, click the “Yes” button.
It will show the Setup wizard which will assist you install MalwareBytes on the computer. Follow the prompts and do not make any changes to default settings.
After the setup is complete successfully, press “Get Started” button. Then MalwareBytes AntiMalware will automatically run and you can see its main window such as the one below.
Next, click the “Scan” button for scanning your computer for the Qqmt ransomware and other security threats. A system scan can take anywhere from 5 to 30 minutes, depending on your computer. While the MalwareBytes program is scanning, you can see how many objects it has identified as threat.
When the scanning is done, the results are displayed in the scan report. In order to remove all threats, simply press “Quarantine” button.
MalwareBytes Anti-Malware will remove Qqmt virus related folders,files and registry keys and move the selected threats to the program’s quarantine. Once that process is done, you can be prompted to reboot your computer.
In order to be 100% sure that the computer no longer has the Qqmt virus, we recommend using Kaspersky virus removal tool (KVRT). It is free and easy to use. It can detect and remove ransomware, spyware, potentially unwanted programs, worms, trojans, adware and other malicious software. KVRT is powerful enough to find and remove malicious registry entries and files that are hidden on the computer.
Download Kaspersky virus removal tool on your Windows Desktop from the link below.
Author: Kaspersky® lab
Category: Security tools
Update: March 5, 2018
After the downloading process is done, double-click on the Kaspersky virus removal tool icon. Once initialization procedure is done, you will see the KVRT screen as displayed on the screen below.
Click Change Parameters and set a check near all your drives. Press OK to close the Parameters window. Next click Start scan button to detect the Qqmt virus and other known infections. While the Kaspersky virus removal tool is scanning, you can see how many objects it has identified either as being malicious software.
Once Kaspersky virus removal tool completes the scan, it will produce a list of unwanted apps and ransomware viruses as shown below.
In order to delete all threats, simply press on Continue to start a cleaning process.
How to decrypt .qqmt files
As we already reported above, files with .qqmt extension are files that have been encrypted by Qqmt ransomware virus. Their contents will remain locked until decrypted using the decryptor and the key. Fortunately, there is a free decryptor that can decrypt .qqmt files. Below we provide instructions on where to download and how to use Qqmt File Decrypt Tool.
To decrypt .qqmt files, use Qqmt File Decrypt Tool
- Download Qqmt File Decrypt Tool from the following link.
STOP Djvu decryptor
- Scroll down to ‘New Djvu ransomware’ section.
- Click the download link and save the decrypt_STOPDjvu.exe file to your desktop.
- Run decrypt_STOPDjvu.exe, read the license terms and instructions.
- On the ‘Decryptor’ tab, using the ‘Add a folder’ button, add the directory or disk where the encrypted files are located.
- Click the ‘Decrypt’ button.
Qqmt File Decrypt Tool is a free software that can decrypt the encrypted files only in some cases, when the files were encrypted with an ‘offline key’. If the files were encrypted with an ‘online key’, then they cannot be decrypted. The reason for this is that the decryption key is in the hands of criminals and this key can not be determined. This does not mean that if your files are encrypted with an online key, then their contents are lost forever. Fortunately, there are several ways to recover encrypted files. These methods do not involve the use of decryption and therefore can be used in any case, no matter what key the ransomware used to encrypt files.
How to find out which key was used to encrypt files
Below we show two ways to help you determine what type of key was used to encrypt your files. This is very important, since the type of key determines whether it is possible to decrypt .qqmt files. We recommend using the second method, as it is more accurate.
Find out the type of key using ‘_readme.txt’ file
- Open the ransom demand message (‘_readme.txt’ file).
- Scroll down to the end of the file.
- There you will see a line with the text ‘Your personal ID’.
- Below is a line of characters – this is your personal id.
Find out the type of key using ‘PersonalID.txt’ file
- Open disk C.
- Open directory ‘SystemID’.
- Open file named ‘PersonalID.txt’. This file lists ‘Personal ID’s that match the keys that the Qqmt ransomware used to encrypt files.
The ‘Personal ID’ is not a key, it is an identifier related to a key that was used to encrypt files. If the ID ends with ‘t1’, then the files are encrypted with an offline key. If the ID does not end with ‘t1’, Qqmt ransomware virus used an online key. If you could not figure out how to determine which key was used to encrypt files, then we can help. Just write a request here or in the comments below.
Qqmt File Decrypt Tool : “No key for New Variant online ID”
If, when you try to decrypt .qqmt files, Qqmt File Decrypt Tool reports:
No key for New Variant online ID: *
Notice: this ID appears to be an online ID, decryption is impossible
It means that your files are encrypted with an ‘online key’ and their decryption is impossible, since only the Qqmt authors have the key necessary for decryption. In this case, you need to use alternative methods listed below to restore the contents of encrypted files.
Qqmt File Decrypt Tool : “No key for New Variant offline ID”
If, during decryption of .qqmt files, Qqmt File Decrypt Tool reports:
No key for New Variant offline ID: *t1
Notice: this ID appears be an offline ID, decryption MAY be possible in the future.
It means the following: your files are encrypted with an ‘offline key’, but the key itself has not yet been obtained by security researchers, in this case, you need to be patient and wait a while, in addition, you can also use alternative ways for recovering encrypted data.
If for some reason you were unable to decrypt the encrypted files, then We recommend to follow the news on our Facebook or YouTube channels. So you ‘ll know right away that it ‘s possible to decrypt .qqmt files.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to use STOP Djvu decryptor to decrypt encrypted files.
How to restore .qqmt files
As we mentioned above, in addition to using the Qqmt File Decrypt Tool, there are several more methods for recovering encrypted files. These methods do not require the use of a decryptor and a key, and therefore are suitable for all cases when the ransomware used an online key, and for the case when the ransomware used an offline key. It is very important to check your computer for malware before you try to recover encrypted files. You must be 100% sure that Qqmt ransomware virus is completely removed. To scan your computer for ransomware, use free malware removal tools.
Restore .qqmt files with ShadowExplorer
The Microsoft Windows has a feature called ‘Shadow Volume Copies’ that can help you to recover .qqmt files encrypted by the ransomware. A small tool called ShadowExplorer will allow you to easily access the Shadow copies and restore the encrypted files to their original state. Unfortunately, the ransomware can delete these Shadow copies before it starts encrypting files. Therefore, if ShadowExplorer did not help you, then try another method, which is given below.
Installing the ShadowExplorer is simple. First you will need to download ShadowExplorer on your PC from the link below.
Category: Security tools
Update: September 15, 2019
When the downloading process is done, open a directory in which you saved it. Right click to ShadowExplorer-0.9-portable and select Extract all. Follow the prompts. Next please open the ShadowExplorerPortable folder like below.
Start the ShadowExplorer utility and then choose the disk (1) and the date (2) that you wish to restore the shadow copy of file(s) encrypted by the Qqmt ransomware virus as shown on the screen below.
Now navigate to the file or folder that you wish to recover. When ready right-click on it and click ‘Export’ button such as the one below.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to recover encrypted files using Shadow Explorer.
Recover .qqmt files with PhotoRec
The last chance to restore encrypted files to their original state is using data recovery tools. We recommend a program called PhotoRec. It has all the necessary functions to restore the contents of encrypted files. It helped many victims recover data when it seemed like there was no more hope.
Download PhotoRec on your Windows Desktop from the following link.
Category: Security tools
Update: March 1, 2018
When the download is done, open a directory in which you saved it. Right click to testdisk-7.0.win and choose Extract all. Follow the prompts. Next please open the testdisk-7.0 folder as displayed below.
Double click on qphotorec_win to run PhotoRec for Microsoft Windows. It’ll display a screen as shown below.
Select a drive to recover such as the one below.
You will see a list of available partitions. Select a partition that holds encrypted photos, documents and music as displayed below.
Press File Formats button and specify file types to restore. You can to enable or disable the recovery of certain file types. When this is done, click OK button.
Next, click Browse button to select where recovered photos, documents and music should be written, then click Search. We strongly recommend that you save the recovered files to an external drive.
Count of recovered files is updated in real time. All restored files are written in a folder that you have selected on the previous step. You can to access the files even if the recovery process is not finished.
When the restore is done, click on Quit button. Next, open the directory where recovered documents, photos and music are stored. You will see a contents as displayed in the following example.
All restored photos, documents and music are written in recup_dir.1, recup_dir.2 … sub-directories. If you are looking for a specific file, then you can to sort your restored files by extension and/or date/time.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to recover encrypted files using PhotoRec.
How to protect your computer from Qqmt ransomware
Most antivirus programs already have built-in protection system against the ransomware. Therefore, if your PC does not have an antivirus program, make sure you install it. As an extra protection, run the HitmanPro.Alert. All-in-all, HitmanPro.Alert is a fantastic utility to protect your system from any ransomware. If ransomware is detected, then HitmanPro.Alert automatically neutralizes malware and restores the encrypted files. HitmanPro.Alert is compatible with all versions of MS Windows operating system from MS Windows XP to Windows 10.
First, click the link below, then press the ‘Download’ button in order to download the latest version of HitmanPro Alert.
Category: Security tools
Update: March 6, 2019
Once the download is done, open the folder in which you saved it. You will see an icon like below.
Double click the HitmanPro Alert desktop icon. Once the utility is launched, you will be displayed a window where you can choose a level of protection, as on the image below.
Now click the Install button to activate the protection.
To sum up
This guide was created to help all victims of Qqmt ransomware virus. We tried to give answers to the following questions: how to remove ransomware; how to decrypt .qqmt files; how to recover encrypted files; what is an online key and what is an offline key. We hope that the information presented in this manual has helped you.
If you have questions, then write to us, leaving a comment below. If you need more help with Qqmt related issues, go to here.