What is Cadq virus?
Cadq virus is a new malware that encrypts victims’ files and thus locks up the information contained in them. Malware that encrypts files is called ‘ransomware’. The ransomware developers demand a ransom in exchange for a decryptor and a key, which are necessary for decrypting the files. Cadq ransomware renames all encrypted files by adding ‘.cadq’ to their name. Thus, all files infected by this virus will have the cadq file extension. Fortunately, since Cadq is one of the variants of STOP (djvu), in some cases you can use a free decryptor to decrypt encrypted files. More details about this decryptor, as well as other ways of recovering encrypted files, will be discussed in this article.
Cadq ransomware is the 282th version of the STOP (DJVU) ransomware. Like other versions of this ransomware, it is distributed through key generators, cracked software, adware and torrents web-sites. Upon execution, Cadq creates a folder in the Windows system directory and copies itself there. Then the virus collects information about the infected computer and changes some system settings so that it starts automatically every time the PC is turned on or restarted.
Having collected information about the victim’s computer, the Cadq ransomware tries to establish a connection with its command-and-control server (C&C). If the connection has been established, the virus receives a key (so called ‘online key’) from the command server that will be used to encrypt files. In addition, Cadq virus may receive additional commands and files that will be executed on the victim’s computer. If the ransomware could not connect to the command server, then it uses a fixed key, which the security researchers called ‘offline key’.
- What is Cadq virus?
- How to remove Cadq ransomware virus
- How to decrypt .cadq files
- How to restore .cadq files
- How to protect your PC from Cadq ransomware
- Video Guide
There is a significant difference between ‘online key’ and ‘offline key’. The online key is unique for each victim, that is, the key from one victim will not help decrypt the files of the other victim. The offline key is the same for all victims. Thus, it can be used to decrypt files regardless of where they were encrypted.
Having a key to encrypt files, the Cadq ransomware proceeds directly to the process of encrypting files. It encrypts file-by-file, so that all files of the victim will be encrypted. It doesn’t matter where the files are located, on the internal drive, flash drive, external media, cloud storage, all of them can be encrypted. There is a small exception, the virus does not encrypt files located in the Windows system directories, files with the extension from the list ‘.lnk, .bat, ini, .sys, .dll’ and files with the name ‘_readme.txt’. Thus, almost all of the victim’s data will be encrypted, including documents, pictures, databases, archives and other types of files, such as:
.pef, .rar, .t12, .bsa, .m3u, .pdd, .sidn, .psk, .dng, .ncf, .xwp, .ybk, .wire, .wb2, .qdf, .zi, .wp5, .indd, .odm, .fsh, .bkp, .sql, .rw2, .arch00, .jpeg, .pkpass, .srw, .wmf, .hplg, .7z, .avi, .nrw, .cr2, .2bp, .mcmeta, .wpl, .rtf, .db0, .arw, .zabw, .wsc, .m2, .sidd, .rgss3a, .mddata, .d3dbsp, .wsh, .css, .dmp, .r3d, .xml, .bik, .kdc, .wp, .ztmp, .py, .zdc, .xdl, .pem, .wpb, .erf, .jpg, .fpk, .xf, .ai, .pdf, .big, .esm, .ods, .wmd, .accdb, .asset, .wp7, .itdb, .sis, .dwg, .wmv, .xlsx, .rwl, .wp4, .hkdb, .pak, .wpd, .dazip, .m4a, .xar, .apk, .wma, .ptx, .mov, .wp6, .srf, .xxx, .ws, .wma, .3dm, .flv, .ppt, .cdr, .epk, .p7c, .xbplate, .x3f, .zw, .mpqge, .pst, .cas, .mef, .docm, .tor, .xmmap, .xlgc, .gdb, .p7b, .pptm, .odc, .itl, .crw, .ibank, .xpm, .rofl, .wot, .sie, .wpt, .xyw, .layout, .orf, .wdp, .0, .z, .vdf, .vtf, .xlk, .xlsm, .wdb, .das, .upk, .forge, .dbf, .menu, .mdf, .zip, .xyp, .xbdoc, .dxg, .bkf, .sid, .lbf, .xll, .zdb, .rim, .mdbackup, .psd, .js, .xls, .lrf, .ysp, .csv, .hvpl, .3ds, .dcr, .t13, .kf, .blob, .crt, .iwd, .xls, .desc, .kdb, .ff, .w3x, .bar, .xdb, .tax, .jpe, .qic, .wpd, .1, .yal, .vpk, .lvl, .wpw, .wsd, .map, .x3f, .p12, .eps, .wmv, .docx, .mrwref, .wps, .y, .odb, .zif, .wav, .dba, .pptx, .wmo, .wri, .xx, .txt, .vpp_pc, .xlsm, .sum, .ntl, .wpg, .syncdb, .pfx, .odp, .wbd, .sr2, wallet, .svg, .wn, .yml, .der, .icxs, .zip, .wpe, .xlsb, .cer, .mdb, .wgz, .mlx, .wbmp, .snx, .wbm, .fos
Each file that has been encrypted by Cadq virus will be renamed. It will append the extension ‘.cadq’ at the end of the name of the affected file. Thus, a file named ‘image.jpg’, after it is encrypted, will receive the name ‘image.jpg.cadq’. To encrypt as many files as possible in the minimum time, the virus does not encrypt the entire file, but only its initial part in the amount of 154 kb. The Cadq ransomware encrypts files sequentially, when all files in the directory are encrypted, it places a new file in it. This file is called ‘_readme.txt’ and its contents are shown below.
This file is a ransom note that is a message from the Cadq creators. In this message, the criminals report that the victim’s files are encrypted and there is only one way to decrypt them – buy the key and the decryptor from them. Attackers set the price for the key and decryptor at $980. If the victim pays the ransom within 72 hours, then Cadq authors agree to make a discount of half the ransom, that is, reduce the size of the ransom to $490. Criminals offer to decrypt one file for free. To do this, the victim needs to send this file to one of the email addresses listed in the ransom demand message. But successful decryption of one file does not guarantee the possibility of decryption of files even after payment of the ransom.
Text presented in the “_readme.txt” file:
Don’t worry, you can return all your files!
All your files like pictures, databases, documents and other important are encrypted with strongest encryption and unique key.
The only method of recovering files is to purchase decrypt tool and unique key for you.
This software will decrypt all your encrypted files.
What guarantees you have?
You can send one of your encrypted file from your PC and we decrypt it for free.
But we can decrypt only 1 file for free. File must not contain valuable information.
You can get and look video overview decrypt tool:
Price of private key and decrypt software is $980.
Discount 50% available if you contact us first 72 hours, that’s price for you is $490.
Please note that you’ll never restore your data without payment.
Check your e-mail “Spam” or “Junk” folder if you don’t get answer more than 6 hours.
To get this software you need write on our e-mail:
Reserve e-mail address to contact us:
Your personal ID:
|Type||Crypto virus, File locker, Ransomware, Filecoder, Crypto malware|
|Encrypted files extension||.cadq|
|Ransom amount||$980, $490 in Bitcoins|
|Detection Names||Trojan.Ransom.Stop, Trojan[Ransom]/Win32.STOP, Win32:DropperX-gen [Drp], TR/AD.InstaBot.AQ, Trojan.Cryptinject, Trojan.DownLoader34, Trojan.Win32.Crypt, Trojan.MalPack.GS, Ransom.Wannacry, Ransom.Win32.STOP.DE|
|Symptoms||Encrypted documents, photos and music. Your documents, photos and music have a wrong name, suffix or extension, or don’t look right when you open them. Files called like ‘_readme.txt’, ‘READ-ME’, ‘_open me’, _DECRYPT YOUR FILES’ or ‘_Your files have been encrypted” in every folder with an encrypted file. New files on your desktop, with name variants of: ‘HOW_TO_DECRYPT.txt’, ‘DECRYPT.txt’ or ‘README.txt’.|
|Distribution methods||Unsolicited emails that are used to deliver malicious software. Drive-by downloads (crypto malware is able to infect the PC simply by visiting a website that is running malicious code). Social media, such as web-based instant messaging programs. USB sticks containing malware.|
|Removal||Cadq ransomware removal guide|
|Decryption||Cadq File Decrypt Tool|
In the ransom note, the Cadq authors report that it is impossible to decrypt files without a key and a decryptor. In general, this is true; to decrypt .cadq files, you must use the key and the decryptor. This is confirmed by the security researchers. As we reported at the very beginning of this article, there is a free decryptor, which in some cases can decrypt .cadq files. In the case when it could not decrypt the files, there are several more methods, each of which can help the victim restore the files encrypted by Cadq virus. These methods do not require the use of a key and decryptor, and therefore are suitable for all victims.
How to remove Cadq ransomware virus
If you are a victim of ransomware, your files have been encrypted, then we recommend that you follow the simple steps described above. These steps will help you remove Cadq virus, and decrypt .cadq files that were affected by it. Moreover, we will also show you how to recover encrypted files if the decryption of the files was unsuccessful. Read the entire manual carefully. To make it easier for you to follow the instructions, we recommend that you print it or open it on your smartphone.
You need to remove the Cadq ransomware virus and its autostart entries before proceeding to decrypt or restore encrypted files. This must be done since otherwise the ransomware may re-encrypt the restored files. You can stop the ransomware from working, as it is not difficult to do. Another option is to perform a full system scan using free malware removal tools capable of detecting and removing ransomware infection.
It is very important to scan the computer for malware, as security researchers found that spyware could be installed on the infected computer along with the Cadq ransomware. Spyware is a very dangerous security threat as it is designed to steal the user’s personal information such as passwords, logins, contact details, etc. If you have any difficulty removing the Cadq virus, then let us know in the comments, we will try to help you.
To remove Cadq ransomware, follow the steps below:
- Kill Cadq virus
- Disable Cadq virus Start-Up
- Delete Cadq virus Task
- Remove Cadq virus
- Scan computer for malware
Kill Cadq virus
Press CTRL, ALT, DEL keys together.
Click Task Manager. Select the “Processes” tab, look for something suspicious that is the Cadq ransomware then right-click it and select “End Task” or “End Process” option. If your Task Manager does not open or the Windows reports “Task manager has been disabled by your administrator”, then follow the guide: How to Fix Task manager has been disabled by your administrator.
It is not difficult to detect a process related to the Cadq ransomware. When looking for a malicious process, pay attention to the process icon and its name. Most often, this ransomware has a process name in the following format: 4-characters.tmp.exe or 4-characters.exe. For example: 7533.tmp.exe, A4b1.exe, CD15.tmp.exe, 19b2.exe. The process name can also contain “(32 bit)”. If you do not find a process with a similar name in the list of processes, then most likely the Cadq ransomware has finished working. But keep in mind, if you do not remove the ransomware autostart entries, as demonstrated below, and do not delete its file, then after a while it may start again, and if it finds unencrypted files, immediately encrypt them.
Disable Cadq virus Start-Up
Select the “Start-Up” tab, look for something similar to the one shown in the example below, right click to it and select Disable.
Close Task Manager.
Delete Cadq virus Task
Type “Task Scheduler” in the search bar. Click Task Scheduler app in the search results. Click “Task Scheduler Library” in the left panel. On the right panel, right-click to “Time Trigger Task” and select Delete.
Close Task Scheduler.
Remove Cadq virus
Run Task Manager and select the “Start-Up” tab. Right click to the Cadq ransomware Start-Up entry and select Open File Location as shown below.
A directory containing one file will open in front of you, this file is the Cadq virus. It needs to be removed. If you try to delete it immediately, then you will not succeed, since this file is protected from deletion.
To delete this file, you need to do the following. Right-click on the file, select Properties. In the window that opens, select Security tab. Next, click the Advanced button below. A window will open as shown in the following example.
Click Disable inheritance. In the Block inheritance dialog box that opens, select the first item (Convert inherited permissions…) as shown below.
In the Permission entries list, select “Deny Everyone”, click Remove button and then OK. Close the file properties window. You should now be able to remove the Cadq ransomware File. Right-click on the file and select Delete.
Scan computer for malware
Zemana AntiMalware is a malicious software scanner that is very useful for detecting and removing Cadq crypto malware. The steps below will explain how to download, install, and use Zemana Free to scan your personal computer and remove ransomware, spyware, adware, worms, trojans, malware for free.
Visit the page linked below to download Zemana installer called Zemana.AntiMalware.Setup on your PC system. Save it directly to your Microsoft Windows Desktop.
Author: Zemana Ltd
Category: Security tools
Update: July 16, 2019
Start the installation package after it has been downloaded successfully and then follow the prompts to setup this tool on your PC.
During installation you can change certain settings, but we recommend you don’t make any changes to default settings.
When installation is done, this malicious software removal utility will automatically start and update itself. You will see its main window as displayed below.
Now press the “Scan” button to look for Cadq virus related folders,files and registry keys. This task can take quite a while, so please be patient. While the Zemana AntiMalware (ZAM) is scanning, you can see count of objects it has identified either as being malware.
When that process is finished, Zemana Free will prepare a list of unwanted software and ransomware. In order to delete all items, simply click “Next” button.
The Zemana Anti-Malware will remove Cadq file virus, other malware, worms and trojans. When finished, you may be prompted to reboot your device to make the change take effect.
In order to be 100% sure that the computer no longer has the Cadq virus, we recommend using the Kaspersky virus removal tool (KVRT). It is a free removal tool which can scan your PC for a wide range of security threats such as ransomware, adware, spyware, PUPs, trojans, worms as well as other malware. It will perform a deep scan of the computer including hard drives and MS Windows registry. After a malicious software is found, it will help you to uninstall all found threats from your computer by a simple click.
Download Kaspersky virus removal tool (KVRT) from the following link. Save it on your Windows desktop.
Author: Kaspersky® lab
Category: Security tools
Update: March 5, 2018
Once downloading is complete, double-click on the Kaspersky virus removal tool icon. Once initialization process is finished, you’ll see the KVRT screen as shown in the figure below.
Click Change Parameters and set a check near all your drives. Click OK to close the Parameters window. Next click Start scan button . KVRT utility will start scanning the whole PC to find out the Cadq crypto virus . While the utility is scanning, you may see number of objects and files has already scanned.
After the checking is finished, you can check all items detected on your personal computer as displayed below.
Review the report and then press on Continue to begin a cleaning procedure.
How to decrypt .cadq files
To decrypt .cadq files, you need to use a unique key and decryptor. Security researchers confirm that it is impossible to access the contents of encrypted files without decryption. Renaming the affected files, changing their extension cannot help the victim, the files will still remain encrypted. Fortunately, Emsisoft created a free decryptor, which in some cases can decrypt .cadq files.
Attention, be sure to scan your computer for ransomware before decrypting .cadq files. You must be 100% sure that there is no Cadq virus on the computer. To check your computer for ransomware, we recommend using free malware removal tools.
To decrypt .cadq files, use free Cadq File Decrypt Tool
- Download Cadq File Decrypt Tool from the following link.
STOP Djvu decryptor
- Scroll down to ‘New Djvu ransomware’ section.
- Click the download link and save the decrypt_STOPDjvu.exe file to your desktop.
- Run decrypt_STOPDjvu.exe, read the license terms and instructions.
- On the ‘Decryptor’ tab, using the ‘Add a folder’ button, add the directory or disk where the encrypted files are located.
- Click the ‘Decrypt’ button.
Cadq File Decrypt Tool is a free software that can decrypt the encrypted files only in some cases, when the files were encrypted with an ‘offline key’. If the files were encrypted with an ‘online key’, then they cannot be decrypted. The reason for this is that the decryption key is in the hands of criminals and this key can not be determined. But even in this case, there is a chance to restore the contents of encrypted files, we will talk about how to do this a little later.
How to find out which key was used to encrypt files
Below we show two ways to help you determine what type of key was used to encrypt your files. This is very important, since the type of key determines whether it is possible to decrypt .cadq files. We recommend using the second method, as it is more accurate.
Find out the type of key using ‘_readme.txt’ file
- Open the ransom demand message (‘_readme.txt’ file).
- Scroll down to the end of the file.
- There you will see a line with the text ‘Your personal ID’.
- Below is a line of characters that starts with ‘0282’ – this is your personal id.
Find out the type of key using ‘PersonalID.txt’ file
- Open disk C.
- Open directory ‘SystemID’.
- Open file named ‘PersonalID.txt’. This file lists ‘Personal ID’s that match the keys that the Cadq virus used to encrypt files.
The ‘Personal ID’ is not a key, it is an identifier related to a key that was used to encrypt files. If the ID ends with ‘t1’, then the files are encrypted with an offline key. If the ID does not end with ‘t1’, Cadq ransomware virus used an online key. If you could not figure out how to determine which key was used to encrypt files, then we can help. Just write a request here or in the comments below.
Cadq File Decrypt Tool : “No key for New Variant online ID”
If, when you try to decrypt .cadq files, Cadq File Decrypt Tool reports:
No key for New Variant online ID: *
Notice: this ID appears to be an online ID, decryption is impossible
It means that your files are encrypted with an ‘online key’ and their decryption is impossible, since only the Cadq authors have the key necessary for decryption. In this case, you need to use alternative methods listed below to restore the contents of encrypted files.
Cadq File Decrypt Tool : “No key for New Variant offline ID”
If, during decryption of .cadq files, Cadq File Decrypt Tool reports:
No key for New Variant offline ID: *t1
Notice: this ID appears be an offline ID, decryption MAY be possible in the future.
It means the following: your files are encrypted with an ‘offline key’, but the key itself has not yet been obtained by security researchers, in this case, you need to be patient and wait a while, in addition, you can also use alternative ways for recovering encrypted data.
If for some reason you were unable to decrypt the encrypted files, then We recommend to follow the news on our Facebook or YouTube channels. So you ‘ll know right away that it ‘s possible to decrypt .cadq files.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to remove Cadq ransomware, Decrypt/Recover .cadq files.
How to restore .cadq files
If the Cadq File Decrypt Tool did not help you, or your files are encrypted using an online key, then there is no need to panic! There are several other alternative methods that may allow you to restore the contents of encrypted files. Once again, remember to be sure to check your computer for ransomware and malware using free malware removal tools. You must be sure that Cadq virus is completely removed.
Each of the methods presented below uses a different mechanism for recovering encrypted files. So try each one. It often happens that if the first method did not help, then the second helped.
Use shadow copies to recover .cadq files
First of all, try to recover .cadq files from Shadow Volume Copies, which are automatically created by Windows OS. In order to recover photos, documents and music encrypted by Cadq virus from Shadow Volume Copies you can use a tool called ShadowExplorer. We recommend using this free utility because it is small in size, has a simple interface and does not require installation on a computer. Unfortunately, ransomware often removes all Shadow copies. Therefore, if Shadow Explorer cannot help you, then immediately proceed to the second method, which is given below.
Installing the ShadowExplorer is simple. First you’ll need to download ShadowExplorer on your MS Windows Desktop by clicking on the link below.
Category: Security tools
Update: September 15, 2019
After the downloading process is done, open a directory in which you saved it. Right click to ShadowExplorer-0.9-portable and select Extract all. Follow the prompts. Next please open the ShadowExplorerPortable folder as displayed in the figure below.
Double click ShadowExplorerPortable to start it. You will see the a window similar to the one below.
In top left corner, choose a Drive where encrypted documents, photos and music are stored and a latest restore point as displayed in the following example (1 – drive, 2 – restore point).
On right panel look for a file that you wish to restore, right click to it and select Export as shown in the figure below.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to recover encrypted files using Shadow Explorer.
Run PhotoRec to recover .cadq files
Another alternative way to recover .cadq files is to use data recovery software. This method requires a lot of time, but in most cases it allows you to recover part, and sometimes all, encrypted files. To restore .cadq files, use a free tool called Photo Rec. It has a simple interface and does not require installation.
Download PhotoRec on your personal computer from the following link.
Category: Security tools
Update: March 1, 2018
Once the download is finished, open a directory in which you saved it. Right click to testdisk-7.0.win and choose Extract all. Follow the prompts. Next please open the testdisk-7.0 folder as displayed on the image below.
Double click on qphotorec_win to run PhotoRec for Windows. It’ll show a screen as shown below.
Choose a drive to recover as on the image below.
You will see a list of available partitions. Choose a partition that holds encrypted documents, photos and music as displayed in the figure below.
Press File Formats button and specify file types to recover. You can to enable or disable the recovery of certain file types. When this is done, press OK button.
Next, press Browse button to choose where restored personal files should be written, then click Search. We strongly recommend that you save the recovered files to an external drive.
Count of restored files is updated in real time. All recovered personal files are written in a folder that you have chosen on the previous step. You can to access the files even if the recovery process is not finished.
When the recovery is done, click on Quit button. Next, open the directory where restored documents, photos and music are stored. You will see a contents as displayed in the figure below.
All restored documents, photos and music are written in recup_dir.1, recup_dir.2 … sub-directories. If you’re searching for a specific file, then you can to sort your recovered files by extension and/or date/time.
This video step-by-step guide will demonstrate How to recover encrypted files using PhotoRec.
How to protect your device from Cadq ransomware
Most antivirus software already have built-in protection system against the ransomware. Therefore, if your computer does not have an antivirus application, make sure you install it. As an extra protection, use the HitmanPro.Alert. All-in-all, HitmanPro.Alert is a fantastic tool to protect your computer from any ransomware. If ransomware is detected, then HitmanPro.Alert automatically neutralizes malware and restores the encrypted files. HitmanPro.Alert is compatible with all versions of Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows XP to Windows 10.
Visit the following page to download HitmanPro.Alert. Save it directly to your MS Windows Desktop.
Category: Security tools
Update: March 6, 2019
When the downloading process is done, open the file location. You will see an icon like below.
Double click the HitmanPro.Alert desktop icon. Once the tool is launched, you will be displayed a window where you can choose a level of protection, as displayed in the following example.
Now click the Install button to activate the protection.
To sum up
This guide was created to help all victims of the Cadq ransomware virus. We tried to give answers to the following questions: how to remove ransomware; how to decrypt .cadq files; how to recover files, if Cadq File Decrypt Tool does not help; what is an online key and what is an offline key. We hope that the information presented in this manual has helped you.
If you have questions, then write to us, leaving a comment below. If you need more help with Cadq related issues, go to here.